_US$ 100.00 ~
Simón José Antonio de la Santíssima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte y Blanco, most commonly referred to as Simón Bolívar, was responsible for multiple independence movements in Latin America. Born in Caracas, Venezuela, in 1783, he was the 'Liberator' for many. He lead independence movements in Bolivia, Colombia, Panama, Peru and Venezuela. This makes him one of the most important historical figures in all Latin America.
Sharing principles with other contemporary figures, like his big ally General San Martin from Argentina, and taking up European Enlightenment's principles, Simón Bolívar made an oath at age 22 from the top of Monte Sacro. In his speech he promised to do whatever he could to free all Spanish colonies in America. This location is emblematic as the hill staged many demonstrations in ancient Rome, overlooking the city in a magnificent view. This event marked a turning point in Bolívar's and America's history.
In the birth of what was later called the 'Admirable Campaign', in 1813 Bolívar lead Venezula's invasion, retaking the capital Caracas from Spain. Simón would struggle to reach definite closure in that independence process, having to flee to the Caribbean where he made powerful allies in Haiti, the first country in Latin America to declare its independence.
Back in South America and with reinforcements, he quickly gained huge amounts of ground beginning with New Granada's definite take over in 1819. Simón founded Gran Colombia within only two years, the territory comprehended much of modern day Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, northern Peru, and a part of northwest Brazil. He was then proclaimed president with Francisco de Paula Santander as vice president. In the years to come Bolívar would set in stone the countries' liberated status.
Not surprisingly, the vast area represented a challenge to run and he chose to take the harsh path of dictatorship to keep Gran Colombia from falling apart. Bolívar's dream was to engender an American Revolution style federation among all newly independent republics, but it came to an end when particular interests from within Gran Colombia's different territories diverged from Simón's liberal principles and governmental system.
Only a month after his Decree of Dictatorship, 'El Libertador' survived an assassination attempt with the help of his lover, Manuela Sáenz. Bolívar governed as a dictator from 1828 until 1830, when he resigned shortly before his death from tuberculosis. His last years were turbulent, with uprisings occurring in New Granada, Venezuela, and Ecuador.
El Libertador is one of six important revolutionary figures that team-up in the first set of the '!Y Que Venga La Revolución! Collectibles Series'. His memory is preserved and remembered in a limited, numbered and signed batch of silkscreen prints.
Manually printed, the artwork shown here is limited to a fifty copies total run, carefully laid layer after layer in a total of 4 different colors. In the use of the silkscreen technique, it is possible to achieve solid and uniform colors, unmatched by any other printing process. That characteristic is clearly noticed in the pieces, and is attained after a series of steps that comprehend art preparation, photolithography engraving, silkscreen photosensitive emulsion transfer, paint preparation, layer registration and the printing itself.
In this series, the original pencil drawings where given a manual vector final artwork treatment, providing extreme control over the quality and thickness of each stroke drawn, for the best read and reproduction using silkscreening. The digital files where then engraved through photographic and chemical processes onto photolithographies, that are basically high resolution + contrast transparencies on which the designs were imprinted in pitch black. This last step allows large size high precision transfers to the silkscreens, with great control over layer registration and so on.
The silkscreens are covered with photo sensitive emulsion, a pasty substance that solidifies after being exposed to light for a period of time. The black artwork on the photolithography blocks the light generated in a vacuum sealed lightbox, that holds the artwork tight against the screen for precise transfer. After a few minutes the screen transfer is done and the silk can be hosed with water as the parts not exposed to the light are easily washed off. The whole idea is that the paint flows through the silk pores and is blocked in the emulsion covered areas, hence replicating the artwork found on the photolithography.
Now an important step in producing high quality final prints is taking care of the color/layer registration, that means matching and fitting the shapes in different colors properly in the final composition. As there is some expansion/contraction of the artwork in between transfer steps, at this point we need to print a registration reference using the main outline artwork. The fill in colors bleed 0.2mm into the strokes, that are placed on top as the last layer applied on the print, in a technique known as 'trapping'.
The paint was mixed and prepared manually as well, customized according to color studies made on the computer. With our paint mixed we finally can pull it through the silkscreen, using a squeegee, dragging it firmly and steady from top to bottom on each pass.